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Dudley on Parade

In 1995, Dudley had another opportunity to be in the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade. This time, he would appear as a $350,000 balloon: 65-feet tall, 28-feet wide, 45-feet long wearing 20-foot sneakers. And he would lead the parade! Behind him would trail 22 floats, 14 marching bands, 1,000 cheerleaders and marchers, and 17 other large inflated characters. It was all very exciting.

After a two-and-a-half mile trip, arriving at Macy’s in Herald Square, Dudley would float before the cameras of NBC-TV. Fame awaited the character, and for the merchandisers, fortune. Or so it was hoped.

Three weeks before the parade, the regular-sized Dudley was supposed to attract attention outside NBC’s ground-level studio at Rockefeller Center during the morning Today Show. Unfortunately, his scheduled appearance was pre-empted by a funeral. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin had been assassinated two days earlier (November 4); so the event was still top media coverage.

Meanwhile, the Dudley balloon was pumped up for a trial run on November 5. Manny Bass, Macy’s head balloon designer, noted, “He fits right into New York, doesn’t he? Looks like he just came out of a steam pipe.” The successful test run was captured on video. This, as it turned out, was a good thing.

The day of the parade, November 23, the balloon was reinflated to its full 65-foot glory. Just as the parade began, the wind blew it into tree and a lamppost on Columbus Circle. It snagged, causing a gash. Out came the helium, and Dudley quickly deflated, as did the hopes of the merchandisers, who had expected the dragon to appear before millions of viewers.

Meridian CEO Robert Stone, flabbergasted by the balloon’s collapse, received a call from his mother: “Congratulations, I saw Dudley in the parade. He looked great. He was floating high. It was a beautiful shot.”

NBC, which had been televising the event, had quickly switched to footage of the balloon from its trial run. Parade hosts Willard Scott and Katie Couric remarked about the balloon as if nothing had happened. NBC, meanwhile, had covered itself with a disclaimer superimposed at the beginning of the program: “Portions Prerecorded.”

The parade’s organizer and producer, Jean McFaddin, told New York Magazine, “There is nothing as disappointing as running a blank space and saying, ‘We’re sorry, the balloon didn’t make it.’ Nobody wants to hear that on Thanksgiving.”

Dudley was not invited back to Macy’s. The following year, McFaddin said, “Poor Dudley. He’s taking the parade off.” The reason, she said, was, “We wanted to find the balloons that the kids love the most.”

First photo: AP Photo by Mark Lenihan. Licensed by Associated Press.

Second and third photos: © Breakthrough Films & Television Inc. Photos by Randy Brooke. Used with permission.

Sources: Peter M. Nichols, New York Times, November 19, 1995, ; Emily Prager, New York Times, November 19, 1995, “He’s the Master of Inflation,” p. 53; Norman Vanamee, New York Magazine, vol. 28, no. 49, December 11, 1995, “Miracle on 34th Street II,” p. 22; Richard Murphy, compiling from wire services, The Wichita Eagle, December 17, 1995, “What You’re Seeing May Not Really Be There,” p. 23A; Associated Press, The Press of Atlantic City, (NJ) November 28, 1996, “For This Dragon, Parade’s a Big Letdown; Once upon a time, a lovable Canadian dragon named Dudley came to the Big City for Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade,” p. B2.

There’s Gold in Them Thar Dragons

Dudley the Dragon’s merchandising potential was enticing.  Already, Breakthrough had seen its gross revenue rise from $100,000 in the mid-1980s to $5 million as of May 1994.

By June 1995, Breakthrough had signed 72 licensees—52 American, 20 Canadian—to market Dudley products.

The Canadian licensing agent, Art Kraus of Castle Licensing Inc., estimated that Dudley’s worth would reach CAN$200 million in the U.S. and CAN$40 million in Canada.  By October, Kraus projected CAN$100 million over the next two years.

Venture, a CBC news magazine akin to CBS’s 60 Minutes, devoted a segment to merchandising the dragon.  They showed Breakthrough’s Peter Williamson discussing the fall promotional strategy with U.S. licensing agent Fred Paprin and his associates.  “Remember,” Williamson said, “we talked about targeting critics that had kids, for example, that might be a little bit more interested in the show, rather than sort of hard-boiled, grizzled critics. It’s very important to have a sense of which journalists will be more interested than others. I mean, some people will just not get over the Barney thing.”

Barbara, an associate, replied, “The fact is, we don’t even bring that up in the same breath. And everybody’s been wonderful about the fact that we’re not Barney. The people aren’t talking about Barney and Dudley anymore in the same breath. Dudley stands on his own. Everybody said he was the next Barney, and that wasn’t the way that we wanted Dudley to be known. We wanted Dudley to be, you know, Dudley.”

Paprin wanted his sales rep to sell the show as hard as he could, to tell station managers, “We think Dudley is the next thing since sliced bread. All the previously well known big winners were years in the making, and nothing happens without a lot of effort, a lot of push, a lot of fighting, a lot of discussion between the various partners. It’s all part of the creative process, and if you’re not doing it, it won’t happen. So it’s my job to make sure that everybody’s getting pushed.”

The heavy sales approach must have worked.  By the fall, The Adventures of Dudley the Dragon reached a peak of 245 PBS stations.   14 new episodes were added to the package.  In October, Season Three began showing on YTV, a youth-specialty channel in Canada.

With more stations broadcasting the show, “there’ll be more recognition of the character, there’ll be more public relations on the character, and children will relate towards the character a lot more often,” said Joe Sutton of Happiness Express Inc.

“When you create a demand you develop a wave,” Sutton said, “and these are the things that took place over the years throughout the toy industry. And what we want kids to do is to want Dudley. We don’t want to give it to them, we want them to want it.”

Sources:  Gayle MacDonald, Financial Post, Toronto, Ontario, December 22, 1994, “Watch Out Barney, There’s a New Reptile in Town,” Sec. 1, p. 5; Dana Flavelle, “Dragon Set to Breathe Fire Into Licensing,” Toronto Star, May 11, 1995, Sec. B. p. 1; Howard Green, Venture – CBC Television, Toronto: October 15, 1995, “Dudley the Dragon,” with comments from Peter Williamson, Joe Sutton, Art Kraus, and Barbara [last name not provided].


The French Connection

According to the Toronto Star, Dudley the Dragon was the first children’s series to be produced simultaneously in English and French.  This was done for the first two seasons.  The show would first be shot in English, with Asia Veria (playing Sally) and Daniel DeSanto (playing her brother Matt) interacting with Dudley.  They would be watched by the French-language actors, Annick Obonsawin (Sophie) and Anael G. Roy (Max), who would afterwards perform the French version, Les aventures d’Arthur le dragon.  The eighth episode credits list the same puppeteers performing in both languages, with James Rankin as M. Rouge-Gorge (Mr. Robin) and Wende Welch as Mme Rouge-Gorge (Mrs. Robin) and Irène (Katrina) the whale.

In Canada, The Adventures of Dudley the Dragon played on Knowledge Network in British Columbia, Access Alberta in Alberta, SCN in Saskatchewan, MTN in Manitoba, TVOntario, CFCF in Quebec and MITV in the Maritimes. Les aventures d’Arthur le dragon played on TVOntario/La Chaine, Canal Famille in Quebec and MITV.

Obonsawin only appeared in the first season.  Today she’s probably best known for her voiceover work as Inez in Cyberchase and Sophie in Total Drama Island.  She addresses her Total Drama fans here.

Information about Les aventures d’Arthur is sparse; this is all I’ve been able to ascertain.  My remaining questions would be:

Why call Dudley “Arthur” in French?

Who dubbed “Arthur”?

Why were only two seasons done in French?

Why did Obonsawin leave after one season?  Who replaced her?  Was the replacement a new character or just a new version of Sophie?

Did the English guest stars reprise their roles in French?  If so, did they perform speaking French or were their voices dubbed?  Or were they, like the kids, replaced with French-language actors?

What were the differences in characters, or actors, beyond the language?  What were the cultural differences other than the language?

To be continued.

Sources:  Kathy Kastner, Toronto Star, October 2, 1993, “He’s No Dud; Dudley the Dragon is joined by moppets, puppets and people in adventures that help children discover the world around them,” Section C, pg. SW4; Suzanne Gill, The Lethbridge Herald, September 30, 1994, “The Big, Green Success Story,” TV Scene, pp. 1, 3.

Pinto Salute!

Starting today, a 1,600-mile Pinto Stampede celebrates the car with a reputation for exploding when rear-ended.

Here’s a tribute to the Pinto from the movie, Top Secret!

The Pro-Social Dragon

Dudley’s second season began the weekend of October 1-2, 1994 in Canada.

The show had lost most of its environmental sponsors but gained financial support from other sources.  (See previous posts.)  With a change in sponsors came a change in themes.  And so it would be for the remainder of the series.

Season One taught how people should treat the world.  Stories emphasized environmental protection and conservation.

Season Two dealt with how people should treat themselves.  Good health and safety was promoted.  Dudley and the gang tackled the topics of smoking, nutrition, fire safety, bigotry, and family life.

Season Three explored how people should treat each other.  Stories involved dealing non-violently with bullies, the importance of keeping promises and the dangers of second-hand smoke.

Season Four focused on morality and self-esteem.  Dudley and his friends tackled issues of jealousy, greed, self-confidence, and being anything you want to be.

Season Five entered philosophical territory by addressing free will, the nature of war, cheating, responsibility, peer pressure, sibling rivalry and the meaning of friendship.

“It’s got a lot of social value, but,” Peter Williamson pointed out, “it’s really fun.  We didn’t want it to be dour.  We really wanted to create contemporary fairy stories for children and their parents.”

“It had to be fun and campy,” Alex Galatis stressed.  “We’ve created a surreal world that’s one-third cave, one-third forest, one-third la-la land.”

Sources:  Scott Moore, Washington Post, April 2, 1995, The Adventures Of Dudley The Dragon,   TV Week, p. Y56; Brad Oswald.  Winnipeg Free Press, September 1, 1995, MIXED MEDIA—”TV’s Dudley the Dragon Set for BIG Time; Big-Screen Theatres Eyes for Two Local Sites,” p. C4; Suzanne Gill, Brandon Sun, September 30, 1994, Cover Story, TV Book pp. 1-2; John McKay, The Vancouver Sun, June 29, 1996, Dudley Does Right in U.S. Market,” p. C12; Kathy Kastner, Toronto Star, October 2, 1993, “He’s No Dud; Dudley the Dragon is joined by moppets, puppets and people in adventures that help children discover the world around them,” Section C, pg. SW4.


Dudley vs. Barney

The press inevitably compared Dudley the Dragon to another preschool property, Barney the Dinosaur.  The purple T-Rex had created a huge sensation in the United States.  Toddlers loved him, though his cloying attitude created a huge backlash amongst parents.  Nevertheless, Barney & Friends generated more than $500 million in toys and apparel in its first three years, selling 23 million video cassettes and two million records, according to the Financial Post.  In 1994 alone, Barney earned $1 billion for its owners, the Lyons Group, according to the Toronto Star.

Then Dudley came on the scene.  Headlines proclaimed, “Look Out, Barney, Here Comes Dudley the Dragon” and “Watch Out Barney, There’s a New Reptile in Town,” and “Barney’s New Rival? – WEDU Discovers Dudley the Dragon, A Challenger to the Purple Dinosaur.”  It was an easy attention-grabber for the readers.

“From our point of view,” said Breakthrough executive producer Ira Levy, “Barney’s been a great thing because it’s opened up the whole area of children’s programming.  It has allowed for much more of the type of programming that Dudley is: non-violent and educational but entertaining programming.”

Peter Williamson pointed out a major difference in the properties.  “Barney is aimed at children about 1 to 4,” he told The Press-Enterprise. “Dudley kicks in with kids about 3 to 7. And because we are basically a narrative drama we tend to see things from the kids’ viewpoint.”  To the Financial Post he added, “Dudley’s a natural evolution for young children who have outgrown the ‘I love you, you love me’ scene.”

“We use the term ‘parent-friendly’,” Levy said.  “When you sit down and watch a program with your kid, they can get a lot more out of it.  Therefore you have to make the program so that a parent can watch it, which is why we get a lot of guest stars and get very good actors involved with the series.

“To be honest, kids really don’t know a lot of these different people, but that’s okay.  They accept them for what they are, the characters that they play.  And that’s rather charming.  For adults, it’s fun to watch Graham Greene play a tree.”

Dudley did take playful pokes at his reptilian counterpart.  In two episodes, Season One’s “Dudley and the Dodo” and Season Three’s “Dudley’s Amazing Journey,” the dragon finds a purple bone and remarks whether he might be related–while we hear a few notes from Barney’s theme.  Also, Dudley regularly ate Dragon Crunchies cereal.  On the box is a dragon—colored purple.

Sources:  Greg Rothwell, Winnipeg Free Press, October 6, 1993, “Look Out, Barney, Here Comes Dudley the Dragon,” p. D8; Walt Belcher, The Tampa Tribune, June 6, 1994, “Barney’s New Rival? – WEDU discovers Dudley the Dragon, A Challenger to the Purple Dinosaur,” p. E18; Suzanne Gill, Brandon Sun, September 30, 1994, Cover Story, TV Book pp. 1-2; Gayle MacDonald, Financial Post, Toronto, Ontario, December 22, 1994, “Watch Out Barney, There’s a New Reptile in Town,” Sec. 1, p. 5; Bob Sokolsky, The Press-Enterprise, Riverside, CA, June 26, 1995, “Dragon’s Show is Taken Off Endangered List,” p. B5; Dana Flavelle, “Dragon Set to Breathe Fire Into Licensing,” Toronto Star, May 11, 1995, Sec. B. p. 1.

Sir Richard Taylor’s Latest Honor

It’s with extreme pleasure to report Richard Taylor’s Honorary Doctorate for Fine Arts presented to him by Massey University of New Zealand.

See it for yourself:

Then see local NZ news coverage here.

Richard is a wonderful man.

I wish him hearty congratulations and best wishes for continued success.


What Children Think Makes a Great Cartoon

In 2001 the British Film Institute surveyed kids on their favorite cartoons and cartoon characters.  Here are the results.

Five essential ingredients for successful animated characters:

  1. They should make children laugh or feel happy – with their different looks, funny voices, use of imitable catchphrases;
  2. They should expand children’s imaginations by blurring fantasy and reality – by doing things real people cannot do or acting irreverently;
  3. They should remain in character and behave logically, however fantastic their situation or location;
  4. They should have a problem to solve, go through a journey or adventure – but their stories need not always end in the same predictable, entirely successful outcome;
  5. They should have natural movements and their mouths should form words properly – children have high expectations!

The type or style of animation – whether characters are drawings, puppets or models – is not so important; neither is the country of origin.

Further details here.

Dudley’s First Appearance at Macy’s

November 24, 1994.  Thanksgiving Day, America.

The 68th annual Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York would be televised to some 45 million viewers.  Newspapers and TV newscasts would report about it nationwide.  What an opportunity to promote Dudley the Dragon to the American public!

In his first Macy’s appearance, Dudley was just an actor (Alex Galatis?) in the costume, riding a float and waving to everyone.

There are two conflicting accounts.  The Financial Post reported that Peter Williamson “watched Dudley trail behind Woodstock and Snoopy, and march in front of the Rockettes. The British-born Williamson deadpans it was ‘something of a thrill’ to hear Willard Scott of [NBC’s The Today Show] introduce Dudley as ‘Our friend from Canada.'” *  Tony Atherton of the Kingston Whig-Standard also acknowledged Scott’s remarks.

On the other hand, New York Magazine reported “Dudley had meandered off to the curb to greet children just as his float pulled into Herald Square and into the TV viewing range of millions of potential Dudley consumers.”  The Associated Press circulated this account two years later, in November 1996.  How could Willard Scott talk about Dudley if he wasn’t on camera?

Fortunately, Dudley was given another opportunity.  He would be in the next Macy’s parade.

Sort of.

Sources:  Tony Atherton, Kingston Whig – Standard, Kingston, Ontario, December 20, 1994, “Ex-Civil Servant Likely Next Hit: New PBS Star Dudley is a Do-Right Canadian-Style Dino,” p. 26; Gayle MacDonald, Financial Post, Toronto, Ontario, December 22, 1994, “Watch Out Barney, There’s a New Reptile in Town,” Sec. 1, p. 5; Norman Vanamee, New York Magazine, vol. 28, no. 49, December 11, 1995, “Miracle on 34th Street II,” p. 22.

*The Post said Scott was from CBS, and from Good Morning America, which was an ABC program.  They had credited him as an employee of two rival networks!

Licensing the Dragon

June 4-5, 1994.

Dudley the Dragon appeared at the PBS National Convention in Florida, his debut in America.  By then, 150 PBS stations had committed for 25 episodes.  The list continued to grow, and why not?  For them, the show was free.

Executive producer Peter Williamson explained:  “Dudley is underwritten by Vail Associates [a ski resort] in Colorado.  So, it’s a great deal for public TV. We are able to offer the program free. And we offer a partnership deal with our merchandising. If you buy a Dudley toy part of what you pay goes back to the stations.”

Additional funding for the second season came from Good Times Video, which had procured the home video rights.  Other contributions came from provincial educational networks, several federal ministries and Telefilm Canada.  The show’s end credits names Natural Resources Canada, Health Canada, Environment Canada, Canadian Heritage, Rogers Telefund and the Ontario Film Investment Program.

Dudley needed all the financial help he could get.  The show’s budget ranged from CAN$150,000 an episode (Peter Williamson in The Press-Enterprise, June 26, 1995) to CAN$200,000 (Financial Post, December 22, 1994).

June 10, 1994.

The Wall Street Journal previewed the Licensing Expo to be held the following week.  The article compared Dudley favorably to Barney the Dinosaur, a preschool smash at retail stores.  Licensees covered “video, toys, towels, bags and rainwear, bedding and children’s apparel” featuring the green dragon.

Was Dudley the next Barney?  The Wall Street Journal seemed to suggest that.  At the Expo, Breakthrough was besieged with 250 people clamoring for licensing rights to the character.  Executive producer Ira Levy reported 45 licensees had signed.

September 1994.

In America, The Adventures of Dudley the Dragon premiered on nearly 200 PBS stations.  Good Times introduced videos of the first two episodes, “Dudley Finds His Home” and “Dudley’s Tea Party,” on September 15.  Noting the show’s high ratings on WNET, and the interest of their own kids, Macy’s Department Store executives contacted Rob Stone of Meridian Direct, Dudley’s American licensing agent.  Would they be interested in Dudley appearing in the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade?  Stone spent $85,000 to get Dudley on a float.  The dragon would be exposed to 45 million TV viewers.

October 1994.

About 24 Canadian licensees had signed.

November 1994.

Dudley merchandise started appearing at retail outlets.  Happiness Express flooded stores with 250,000 plush Dudleys. They budgeted $300,000 for TV commercials airing through spring 1995.

Stone predicted, “By next Christmas, if you were Dudley nuts, you could get everything from a Dudley plush that talks, with 250 sayings, to a talking placemat.  Then we’ll have storybooks, and clothing, and slippers and backpacks, and school supplies and all the Hallmark cards and gift wrap and party goods, so that every child can have their birthday party this summer with a Dudley theme.”

Sources: Kevin Goldman, Wall Street Journal. (Eastern edition). New York, N.Y.: June 10, 1994, “Marketers Search for Successor to Barney and the Power Rangers,” p. B3; Craig Shapiro, The Virginian-Pilot, September 13, 1994, “Kidvid: No Case is Too Thorny for the Olsen Twins to Crack,” p. E1; Tony Atherton, Kingston Whig – Standard, Kingston, Ontario, December 20, 1994, “Ex-Civil Servant Likely Next Hit: New PBS Star Dudley is a Do-Right Canadian-Style Dino,” p. 26;  Gayle MacDonald, Financial Post, Toronto, Ontario, December 22, 1994, “Watch Out Barney, There’s a New Reptile in Town,” Sec. 1, p. 5; Bob Sokolsky, The Press-Enterprise, Riverside, CA, June 26, 1995, “Dragon’s Show is Taken Off Endangered List,” p. B5; Norman Vanamee, New York Magazine, vol. 28, no. 49, December 11, 1995, “Miracle on 34th Street II,” p. 22; Jill Gambon, Crain’s New York Business, vol. 10, n. 37, September 12, 1994, “Dragon Could Breathe Fire into toy Firm’s Bottom Line,” Section 1, p. 15.